Common Neurologic Procedures

Epilepsy is a condition of the nervous system in which the person experiences recurrent seizures or convulsions. The seizures occur because of the abnormal signals sent by the cluster cells or neurons in the brain.

Epilepsy has no known cause, but may develop because of illness, brain injury and abnormal brain development.


A discogram is a diagnostic procedure used to precisely locate which spinal discs are injured and causing back pain. The discs in your spine are a soft cushion that sits between each vertebra, the bones that make up the spinal column. The disc is a cartilage-like material made up of an outer portion called the annulus which surrounds an inner portion called the nucleus.

Electromyogram or Nerve Conduction Studies

Nerves use electrical impulses to coordinate muscle movement in our bodies. Diseases affecting the muscles and nerves can result in abnormal electrical activity.

Electromyography (EMG) and Nerve conduction studies are diagnostic tests used to detect nerve and muscle disorders and to evaluate the functioning of your nerves and muscles.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MRI or magnetic resonance imaging scan is an imaging test that creates pictures of internal body structures (bones and soft tissues) with the help of magnetic fields and radio waves.

The MRI can also be combined with other imaging techniques to provide a more definitive diagnosis. The scan is often used to clarify findings from previous X-rays or CT scans.

Positron Emission Tomography Scan

Positron emission tomography scan, also called PET scan or PET imaging, is a highly specialized nuclear imaging test that uses small amounts of radioactive substances to produce powerful images of the body’s biological function. A PET scan is non-invasive and usually painless.

Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography Scan

Single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) scan is a nuclear imaging test which uses a radioactive material and a camera to take3D images of internal organs. As opposed to other imaging studies such as X-rays, SPECT scans help examine the functioning of various organs.

Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap)

A lumbar puncture, also called a spinal tap, is a common medical procedure that involves the insertion of a needle into the spinal canal to obtain a sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for examination. CSF is the fluid which surrounds the brain and spinal cord.


A Myelogram (Myelography) is an imaging examination performed by a radiologist to detect abnormalities of the spine, spinal cord, or surrounding structures using a real time form of X-ray called fluoroscopy.

  • Westmead Private Hospital
  • Neuro Surgical Society
  • the University of Sydney